Retained Placenta and Vaginal Wound.pdf

Retention of fetal membranes, or retained placenta, usually is defined as failure to expel fetal membranes within 24 hr after parturition.

Normally, expulsion occurs within 3–8 hr after calf delivery. 

The incidence in healthy dairy cows is 5%–15%, whereas the incidence in beef cows is lower.

For further information retun to file.